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Displaced fracture : Ends of the broken bone come out of alignment. Surgery is usually needed to realign bones. Greenstick fracture: A portion of the bone is broken, causing the other side to bend. Single fracture : The bone is broken in one place but into two pieces Growth plate fractures are unique to pediatric patients. How are fractures in children different from fractures in adults?


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A child's bone differs from adult bone in a variety of ways. Flexible bones A child's growing bones are bendable and resilient, which means they tend to buckle or bend a lot before breaking. Vulnerable growth plates Children have open-growth plates areas from which bone grows at each end of their long bones. How we care for fractures Every year our Orthopedic Center treats thousands of children, adolescents and young adults with fractures of all complexities.

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For years, families have come from around the corner and across the world, looking to Boston Children's for answers. This is the place where the most difficult challenges are faced head on, where the impossible becomes possible, and where families in search of answers find them. Sandra L. Fenwick, CEO. Connect with Boston Children's Hospital. How can we help? The severity of a fracture usually depends on the force that caused the break.

Fractures: Types, causes, symptoms, and treatment

If the bone's breaking point has been exceeded only slightly, then the bone may crack rather than break all the way through. If the force is extreme, such as in an automobile crash or a gunshot, the bone may shatter. If the bone breaks in such a way that bone fragments stick out through the skin, or a wound penetrates down to the broken bone, the fracture is called an "open" fracture. This type of fracture is particularly serious because once the skin is broken, infection in both the wound and the bone can occur.

A bone can fracture in different ways. Some common fracture types are shown here. Many fractures are very painful and may prevent you from moving the injured area. Other common symptoms include:. Your doctor will do a careful examination to assess your overall condition, as well as the extent of the injury. He or she will talk with you about how the injury occurred, your symptoms, and medical history.

Broken Bone (Types of Bone Fractures)

The most common way to evaluate a fracture is with x-rays, which provide clear images of bone. Your doctor will likely use an x-ray to verify the diagnosis. X-rays can show whether a bone is intact or broken.

Fracture - Trailer

They can also show the type of fracture and exactly where it is located within the bone. A plaster or fiberglass cast is the most common type of fracture treatment, because most broken bones can heal successfully once they have been repositioned and a cast has been applied to keep the broken ends in proper position while they heal. The cast or brace allows limited or "controlled" movement of nearby joints.

This treatment is desirable for some, but not all, fractures. In this type of operation, metal pins or screws are placed into the broken bone above and below the fracture site. The pins or screws are connected to a metal bar outside the skin. This device is a stabilizing frame that holds the bones in the proper position while they heal.

In cases where the skin and other soft tissues around the fracture are badly damaged, an external fixator may be applied until surgery can be tolerated.

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Not broken exactly, but more, ahem, fractured. Facebook Twitter Pinterest.